Science or Islam- Which is better?

Science or Islam. These 2 are perceived as one inverse to another. As a result, blind trust in Science has transformed numerous individuals into Atheists. Al-Qur’an, the total direction for Humankind was completed 1400 years ago. In the meantime, day by day numerous scientific logic and techniques are questioned while not a single verse of Al-Qur’an is bogus or conflicting. In Treasures in the Sunnah, ‘El-Naggar’ interprets holy verses: the Hadiths, sayings of the Prophet, and the Sunnah, or customs. There are scientific signs in more than 1,000 ayats of the Qur’an, as per ‘El-Naggar’. Al-Qur’an and Science are not 2 unique ways rather Al-Quran is contemporary to Science. A quote from Albert Einstein:

“Science without religion is lame. Religion without science is blind.”

Thus Science helps us to understand Islam more easily in this modern age. Also, Islam can build a strong base for Scientific Logic and methods if used properly. We find thousands of Scientific logic and methods which have a strong base of Al-Qur’an. The root of every beneficial invention is contemporary to Al-Qur’an. Let’s, therefore, study few scientific facts mentioned in Al-Qur’an from the perspective of Science and find out whether Al-Qur’an and Science are compatible or incompatible?

EVERY LIVING THING IS MADE OF WATER:

Do the disbelievers not realize that the heavens and earth were ˹once˺ one mass then We split them apart?1 And We created from water every living thing. Will they not then believe? [Sura Al-Anbiya Chap: 21 Verse: 30]

We now know that cytoplasm, the basic substance of the cell is made up of 80% water. Modern research has also revealed that most organisms consist of 50% to 90% water and that every living entity requires water for its existence. The 2nd part of the verse refers to the creation of animals from water. Was it possible 14 centuries ago for any human-being to guess that every living being was made of water? Moreover, would such a guess be conceivable by a human being in the deserts of Arabia where there has always been a scarcity of water?

Tectonic Plates:

And you see the mountains, thinking them rigid, while they will pass as the passing of clouds. [It is] the work of Allah, who perfected all things. Indeed, He is Acquainted with that which you do. [Qur’an 27:88]

One of the greatest scientific revolutions of the modern-day was the discovery that the Earth’s continents are not fixed. The Qur’an itself tells us about it.

In verses such as this, the Holy Qur’an tells us that the Earth has been spread out. This verse is difficult to understand except in the context of modern science. We now know that tectonic plates are produced in a process called seafloor spreading. This occurs at mid-ocean ridges, where magma bursts out of the Earth to produce oceanic crust. This process also produces volcanoes on the ocean floor, which become seamounts. But there is more. Not only is the crust of the Earth produced in seafloor spreading, but tectonic plates have themselves been spread across the surface of the globe. While they were once the super-continent Pangaea, they are now distributed across the globe to produce the Earth we inhabit today.

By discussing the shifting ground on which we walk, and linking it to seamounts, the Quran has once again demonstrated its truth for our scientific age.

HONEY HAS HEALING PROPERTIES:

“And feed from ˹the flower of˺ any fruit ˹you please˺ and follow the ways your Lord has made easy for you.” From their bellies comes forth liquid of varying colors, in which there is healing for people. Surely in this is a sign for those who reflect. {Sura An-Nahl Chap: 16 Verse:69}

The bee assimilates juices of various kinds of flowers and fruit and forms within its body the honey, which it stores in its cells of wax. Only a couple of centuries ago man came to know that honey comes from the belly of the bee. This fact was mentioned in the Qur’an 1,400 years ago in the following verse:

We are now aware that honey has a healing property and also a mild antiseptic property. The Russians used honey to cover their wounds in World War II. The wound would retain moisture and would leave very little scar tissue. Due to the density of honey, no fungus or bacteria would grow in the wound. A person suffering from an allergy to a particular plant may be given honey from that plant so that the person develops resistance to that allergy. Honey is rich in fructose and vitamin K. Thus the knowledge contained in the Qur’an regarding honey, its origin and properties, was far ahead of the time it was revealed.

FINGERPRINTS:

“Do people think We cannot reassemble their bones? Yes ˹indeed˺! We are ˹most˺ capable of restoring ˹even˺ their very fingertips.” {Sura Al-Qiyamah Chap: 74 Verses: 3-4}

Disbelievers argue regarding resurrection taking place after bones of dead people have disintegrated in the earth and how each individual would be identified on the Day of Judgement. Almighty Allah answers that He can not only assemble our bones but can also reconstruct perfectly our very fingertips. Why does the Qur’an, while speaking about the determination of the identity of the individual, speak specifically about fingertips? In 1880, fingerprinting became the scientific method of identification, after research done by Sir Francis Golt. No two persons in the world can ever have the same fingerprint pattern. That is the reason why police forces worldwide use fingerprints to identify the criminal. 1400 years ago, who could have known the uniqueness of each human’s fingerprint? Surely it could have been none other than the Creator Himself!

It’s not appropriate to regard Science as inverse to Islam rather Islam and Science are Contemporary. Al-Qur’an is a Book of Signs not a Book of Science! Thus appropriate applications of Al-Qur’an and Science can pave the way to build a developed society. The dream we aspire for a better society. It’s high time now we look back on to the pages of Al-Qur’an, conduct research more on it, and develop scientific technologies!

Wordsmith: Abrar Ibne Amin Jim

Reference:
https://sunnahonline.com/ilm/quran/qms.pdf
https://rationalreligion.co.uk/9-scientific-miracles-of-the-quran/
https://www.discovermagazine.com/the-sciences/science-and-islam-in-conflict

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